BubR1 is a central component of the spindle assembly checkpoint that inhibits progression into anaphase in response to improper kinetochore-microtubule interactions. In addition, BubR1 also helps stabilize kinetochore-microtubule interactions by counteracting the Aurora B kinase but the mechanism behind this is not clear. Here we show that BubR1 directly binds to the B56 family of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) regulatory subunits through a conserved motif that is phosphorylated by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) and polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1). Two highly conserved hydrophobic residues surrounding the serine 670 Cdk1 phosphorylation site are required for B56 binding. Mutation of these residues prevents the establishment of a proper metaphase plate and delays cells in mitosis. Furthermore, we show that phosphorylation of serines 670 and 676 stimulates the binding of B56 to BubR1 and that BubR1 targets a pool of B56 to kinetochores. Our data suggest that BubR1 counteracts Aurora B kinase activity at improperly attached kinetochores by recruiting B56-PP2A phosphatase complexes.