Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol in RAW264.7 and HT-29 cells

Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 May;55:229-33. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.12.062. Epub 2013 Jan 21.


Patchouli alcohol (PA) is a chemical compound extracted from patchouli which belongs to the genus Pogostemon, herb of mint family. Recently, it has been reported that PA inhibits the production of inflammatory mediators. However, the biological mechanisms of PA for anti-inflammatory activities have not been studied. In this study, we investigated whether PA decreases the production of inflammatory mediators through downregulation of the NF-κB and ERK pathway. Our data indicated that PA inhibits the over-expression of iNOS and IL-6 in protein and mRNA levels in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 and TNF-α stimulated HT-29 cells. PA inhibited IκB-α degradation and p65 nuclear translocation, and subsequently suppressed transcriptional activity of NF-κB in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 and TNF-α-stimulated HT-29 cells. In addition, PA inhibited LPS- or TNF-α-stimulated ERK1/2 activation by decreasing phosphorylation of ERK1/2. These findings suggest that PA shows anti-inflammatory activities through suppressing ERK-mediated NF-κB pathway in mouse macrophage and human colorectal cancer cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • DNA Primers
  • HT29 Cells
  • Humans
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Macrophages / drug effects
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Mice
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sesquiterpenes / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • DNA Primers
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • NF-kappa B
  • Sesquiterpenes
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • patchouli alcohol