Attitude toward euthanasia scale: psychometric properties and relations with religious orientation, personality, and life satisfaction

Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2013 Dec;30(8):781-5. doi: 10.1177/1049909112472721. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Abstract

End-of-life decisions (ELDs) represent a controversial subject, with ethical dilemmas and empirical ambiguities that stand at the intersection of ethics and medicine. In a non-Western population, we examined individual differences in perceiving ELDs that end the life of a patient as acceptable and found that an attitude toward euthanasia (ATE) scale consists of 2 factors representing voluntary and nonvoluntary euthanasia. Also, acceptance of ELDs that end the life of a patient negatively correlated with life satisfaction, honesty-humility, conscientiousness, and intrinsic and extrinsic personal motivation toward religion. These findings provided additional construct validity of the ATE scale.

Keywords: attitude toward euthanasia scale; end-of-life decisions; individual differences; personality; religiosity.

MeSH terms

  • Euthanasia / ethics
  • Euthanasia, Passive
  • Humans
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Personality
  • Psychometrics*
  • Religion