Increasing incidence of thyroid cancer: controversies explored

Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2013 Mar;9(3):178-84. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2012.257. Epub 2013 Jan 29.


Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and its incidence has been increasing considerably in the past few decades. Many studies have been published providing evidence for this increase; however, why thyroid cancer incidence keeps rising is still debated and there are conflicting reports of factors leading to the increase in its incidence. In this article, Nature Reviews Endocrinology asks four experts their opinions on some of the controversies surrounding the changing trends in thyroid cancer incidence.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Carcinoma / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Papillary
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology
  • Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Thyroid Cancer, Papillary
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / therapy