Closed-loop control of renal perfusion pressure in physiological experiments

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013 Jul;60(7):1776-84. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2241435. Epub 2013 Jan 21.


This paper presents the design, experimental modeling, and control of a pump-driven renal perfusion pressure (RPP)-regulatory system to implement precise and relatively fast RPP regulation in rats. The mechatronic system is a simple, low-cost, and reliable device to automate the RPP regulation process based on flow-mediated occlusion. Hence, the regulated signal is the RPP measured in the left femoral artery of the rat, and the manipulated variable is the voltage applied to a dc motor that controls the occlusion of the aorta. The control system is implemented in a PC through the LabView software, and a data acquisition board NI USB-6210. A simple first-order linear system is proposed to approximate the dynamics in the experiment. The parameters of the model are chosen to minimize the error between the predicted and experimental output averaged from eight input/output datasets at different RPP operating conditions. A closed-loop servocontrol system based on a pole-placement PD controller plus dead-zone compensation was proposed for this purpose. First, the feedback structure was validated in simulation by considering parameter uncertainty, and constant and time-varying references. Several experimental tests were also conducted to validate in real time the closed-loop performance for stepwise and fast switching references, and the results show the effectiveness of the proposed automatic system to regulate the RPP in the rat, in a precise, accurate (mean error less than 2 mmHg) and relatively fast mode (10-15 s of response time).

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Animals
  • Biofeedback, Psychology / instrumentation*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Blood Pressure Determination / instrumentation*
  • Electronics, Medical / instrumentation
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Infusion Pumps*
  • Perfusion / instrumentation*
  • Rats
  • Renal Circulation / physiology*
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation*