Intrinsic activation of iridium electrodes over a wireless link

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012:2012:2788-91. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346543.


Activated Iridium Oxide Film (AIROF) microelectrodes are regarded as advantage for stimulation of neural tissue owing to their superior charge injection capabilities, as compared to other noble-metal based electrodes. Including AIROF electrodes within an implantable neural stimulator can be challenging since the stimulator fabrication steps often involve elevated temperatures at which the AIROF can be damaged. In this work, a wireless neural stimulator application-specific-integrated-circuit (ASIC) was used to intrinsically activate iridium microelectrodes. This intrinsic activation allows for the growth of the AIROF as the final assembly step after the entire device is assembled, thus avoiding stress on the AIROF. Since a typical neural stimulator is essentially a current-controlled driver with voltage compliance limits, its output waveform can be tuned to match the traditional voltage pulsing/ramp activation waveform. Here the feasibility of the current driven activation of iridium electrodes, over a wireless link, is demonstrated.

MeSH terms

  • Iridium*
  • Microelectrodes*
  • Visual Prosthesis


  • iridium oxide
  • Iridium