The pathogenesis and genetics of psoriasis

Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2014 Jul-Aug;105(6):535-45. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2013 Jan 29.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Psoriasis vulgaris and psoriatic arthritis are interrelated disorders with an important genetic component. While linkage studies have identified several candidate loci and genes, only recent technological advances and extensive genome-wide association studies have provided robust evidence of associations between psoriasis and several genes inside and outside the major histocompatibility complex. Most of these genes can be incorporated into an integrated pathogenic model of psoriatic disease comprising distinct signaling networks affecting skin barrier function (LCE3, DEFB4, GJB2), innate immune responses involving nuclear factor-κB signaling (TNFAIP3, TNIP1, NFKBIA, REL, FBXL19, TYK2, NOS2, CARD14), and adaptive immune responses involving CD8 T cells and interleukin 23 (IL-23)/IL-17-mediated lymphocyte signaling (HLA-C, IL12B, IL23R, IL23A, TRAF3IP2, ERAP1). A better understanding of the potential gene/gene and gene/environment interactions and of the functions of altered transcripts will undoubtedly have nosologic, therapeutic and prognostic implications.

Keywords: Artritis psoriásica; Genetics; Genética; Pathogenesis; Patogenia; Psoriasis; Psoriatic arthritis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Connexin 26
  • Connexins
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Psoriasis / etiology*
  • Psoriasis / genetics
  • Psoriasis / immunology


  • Connexins
  • GJB2 protein, human
  • Connexin 26