Therapeutic potential of treatment with the flavonoid rutin after cortical focal ischemia in rats

Brain Res. 2013 Mar 29;1503:53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.01.039. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

Abstract

Flavonoids have known anti-inflammatory and antioxidative actions, and they have been described as neuroprotective and able to reduce damage in CNS diseases. We evaluated the action of the flavonoid rutin in an animal model of focal cortical ischemia induced by unilateral thermocoagulation of superficial blood vessels of motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) primary cortices. Ischemic rats were submitted to daily injections (i.p.) for five days, starting immediately after induction of ischemia. We tested two doses: 50mg/kg or 100mg/kg of body weight. Sensorimotor tests were used to evaluate functional recovery. Bioavailability in plasma was done by chromatographic analysis. The effect of treatment in lesion volume and neurodegeneration was evaluated 48 h and 72 h after ischemia, respectively. We observed significant sensorimotor recovery induced by rutin, and the dose of 50mg/kg had more pronounced effect. Thus, this dose was used in further analyses. Plasma availability of rutin was detected from 2h to at least 8h after ischemia. The treatment did not result in reduction of lesion volume but reduced the number of degenerated neurons at the periphery of the lesion. The results suggest rutin as an efficient drug to treat brain ischemia since it was able to promote significant recovery of sensorimotor loss, which was correlated to the reduction of neurodegeneration in the periphery of cortical injury. Increasing studies with rutin and other flavonoids might give support for further clinical trials with these drugs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Brain Ischemia / drug therapy*
  • Brain Ischemia / pathology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Fluoresceins
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength / drug effects
  • Neuroprotective Agents / blood
  • Neuroprotective Agents / pharmacology
  • Neuroprotective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Psychomotor Performance / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Recovery of Function / drug effects*
  • Rutin / blood
  • Rutin / pharmacology
  • Rutin / therapeutic use*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Fluoresceins
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • fluoro-jade C
  • Rutin