Background: Urachal cysts, part of the spectrum of congenital urachal anomalies, are typically extrinsic to the urinary bladder.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to present the salient imaging features of a pediatric series of unusual intravesical urachal cysts that protrude into the bladder lumen.
Materials and methods: Five children with intravesical urachal cysts depicted on imaging studies were retrospectively identified during a 6-year period at a children's hospital. The clinical charts and findings on ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) were reviewed.
Results: In all five children, US revealed a thin-walled ovoid cystic structure containing anechoic fluid or echogenic debris and residing along the midline of the anterosuperior aspect of the urinary bladder protruding into the bladder lumen. Histological examination of the partial cystectomy specimen from one child revealed a cystic urachal remnant with intestinal mucosal lining and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. The cysts in the four other children were managed conservatively without operative intervention.
Conclusion: The purpose of this report is to expand the spectrum of urachal remnant anomalies to include these newly recognized intravesical urachal cysts, which are characterized on US by the presence of a thin-walled cyst along the midline anterosuperior aspect of the urinary bladder.