Parathyroidectomy is the optimal treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and provides a cure in the vast majority of cases. Over the last 2 decades, improvements in preoperative localization and the development of intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring have opened the door for new surgical approaches to parathyroidectomy. Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy is performed under regional or local anesthesia. It requires less surgical dissection resulting in decreased trauma to tissues and is more effective and less costly than traditional bilateral cervical exploration. This article reviews our approach reflecting advances in preoperative localization, anesthetic techniques, and intraoperative management of patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for the treatment of PHPT.
Copyright © 2013 The International Society for Clinical Densitometry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.