Molecular insight into the inhibition mechanism of cyrtominetin to α-hemolysin by molecular dynamics simulation

Eur J Med Chem. 2013 Apr;62:320-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2013.01.008. Epub 2013 Jan 14.


The protein α-hemolysin (α-HL) is a self-assembling exotoxin that binds to the membrane of a susceptible host cell. In this paper, experimental studies show that cyrtominetin (CTM) can inhibit the hemolytic activity of α-HL. To understand how CTM can affect hemolytic activity, molecular dynamics simulations were carried out for α-HL-CTM complex and these results were compared with the crystal structure of monomeric α-HL. With this approach, the analysis revealed that the inhibition of CTM involves CTM directly binding to α-HL. Due to the binding of CTM, the conformation of the critical "Loop" region was restrained. This mechanism was confirmed by the experimental data. These findings indicate that CTM hinders the lysis activity of α-HL through a novel mechanism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Toxins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Bacterial Toxins / chemistry
  • Flavanones / chemistry
  • Flavanones / pharmacology*
  • Hemolysin Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Hemolysin Proteins / chemistry
  • Hemolysis
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Bacterial Toxins
  • Flavanones
  • Hemolysin Proteins
  • cyrtominetin
  • staphylococcal alpha-toxin