Psychometric properties of the Medical Student Well-Being Index among medical students in a Malaysian medical school

Asian J Psychiatr. 2013 Feb;6(1):60-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2012.09.001. Epub 2012 Nov 3.


This study evaluated the convergent, discriminant, construct, concurrent and discriminative validity of the Medical Student Wellbeing Index (MSWBI) as well as to evaluate its internal consistency and optimal cut-off total scores to detect at least moderate levels of general psychological distress, stress, anxiety and depression symptoms. A cross sectional study was done on 171 medical students. The MSWBI and DASS-21 were administered and returned immediately upon completion. Confirmatory factor analysis, reliability analysis, ROC analysis and Pearson correlation test were applied to assess psychometric properties of the MSWBI. A total of 168 (98.2%) medical students responded. The goodness of fit indices showed the MSWBI had a good construct (χ(2)=6.14, p=0.803, RMSEA<0.001, RMR=0.004, GFI=0.99, AGFI=0.97, CFI=1.00, IFI=1.02, TLI=1.04). The Cronbach's alpha value was 0.69 indicating an acceptable level of internal consistency. Pearson correlation coefficients and ROC analysis suggested each MSWBI's item showed adequate convergent and discriminant validity. Its optimal cut-off scores to detect at least moderate levels of general psychological distress, stress, anxiety, and depression were 1.5, 2.5, 1.5 and 2.5 respectively with sensitivity and specificity ranged from 62 to 80% and the areas under ROC curve ranged from 0.71 to 0.83. This study showed that the MSWBI had good level of psychometric properties. The MSWBI score more than 2 can be considered as having significant psychological distress. The MSWBI is a valid and reliable screening instrument to assess psychological distress of medical students.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychometrics / methods*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Schools, Medical
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Stress, Psychological / diagnosis*
  • Students, Medical / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Young Adult