A Dose-Finding Study of Temsirolimus and Liposomal Doxorubicin for Patients With Recurrent and Refractory Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Int J Cancer. 2013 Aug 15;133(4):997-1005. doi: 10.1002/ijc.28083. Epub 2013 Mar 4.

Abstract

There are few effective therapies for high-risk sarcomas. Initial chemosensitivity is often followed by relapse. In vitro, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibition potentiates the efficacy of chemotherapy on resistant sarcoma cells. Although sarcoma trials using mTOR inhibitors have been disappointing, these drugs were used as maintenance. We conducted a Phase I/II clinical trial to test the ability of temsirolimus to potentiate the cytotoxic effect of liposomal doxorubicin and present here the dose-finding portion of this study. Adult and pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory sarcomas were treated with increasing doses of liposomal doxorubicin and temsirolimus using a continual reassessment method for escalation, targeting a dose-limiting toxicity rate of 20%. Blood samples were drawn before and after the first dose of temsirolimus in Cycles 1 and 2 for pharmacokinetic analysis. The maximally tolerated dose combination was liposomal doxorubicin 30 mg/m(2) monthly with temsirolimus 20 mg/m(2) weekly. Hematologic toxicity was common but manageable. Dose-limiting toxicities were primarily renal. Concurrent administration of liposomal doxorubicin resulted in increased exposure to sirolimus, the active metabolite of temsirolimus. Thus, the combination of liposomal doxorubicin and temsirolimus is safe for heavily pretreated sarcoma patients. Co-administration with liposomal doxorubicin did not alter temsirolimus pharmacokinetics, but increased exposure to its active metabolite.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Bone Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Child
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Doxorubicin / administration & dosage
  • Doxorubicin / pharmacokinetics
  • Doxorubicin / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recurrence
  • Sarcoma / drug therapy*
  • Sirolimus / administration & dosage
  • Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives*
  • Sirolimus / pharmacokinetics
  • Sirolimus / therapeutic use
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • temsirolimus
  • Doxorubicin
  • Sirolimus