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, 267 (2), 414-21

Early Gastric Cancer: Feasibility of CT Lymphography With Ethiodized Oil for Sentinel Node Mapping

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Early Gastric Cancer: Feasibility of CT Lymphography With Ethiodized Oil for Sentinel Node Mapping

Young Hoon Kim et al. Radiology.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of CT lymphography with ethiodized oil for sentinel node mapping in porcine stomachs and in patients with early gastric cancer.

Materials and methods: Approval for the animal study was obtained from the authors' institutional animal use and care administrative advisory committee, the clinical study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was obtained from each participant. Five pigs underwent CT lymphography 1 hour after gastric subserosal injection of 1 mL ethiodized oil and sentinel node mapping with injection of 1 mL methylene blue. Ethiodized oil retention nodes were identified on the radiographic images of the gastric specimen and removed for histopathologic examination. In addition, 10 patients with early gastric cancer underwent CT lymphography with peritumoral injection of 1 mL ethiodized oil, followed by sentinel basin extirpation with CT and routine nodal dissection. The removed sentinel basins were examined by radiography. Histopathologic examination was performed for dissected nodes, including sentinel nodes.

Results: In each of the five pigs, CT showed one perigastric ethiodized oil retention node. After harvesting the ethiodized oil retention node, blue-stained areas were identified in the five removed nodes and intranodal ethiodized oil was detected on histopathologic examination. In all 10 patients, CT lymphography with ethiodized oil successfully defined the sentinel basin with ethiodized oil retention nodes. CT lymphography revealed 20 ethiodized oil retention nodes. After basin extirpation, 28 and 46 nodes were detected on radiographic and histopathologic examinations. Histopathologic examination revealed that one patient had micrometastases at two sentinel nodes and another patient had isolated tumor cells at one sentinel node. No patient had metastasis in nonsentinel nodes.

Conclusion: CT lymphography with ethiodized oil may be a feasible method for sentinel node mapping in patients with early gastric cancer.

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