Basic profiles of organic acids in urine

J Chromatogr. 1990 Jan 26;525(1):1-14. doi: 10.1016/s0378-4347(00)83375-7.


Altogether 143 of the organic acids regularly occurring in urine of healthy individuals are identified as methyl esters by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with respect to their complete chemical structures. They are classified as dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids, hydroxycarboxylic acids, aromatic acids, furancarboxylic acids, nitrogen-containing acids and acid conjugates. By pre-fractionating the complex mixture of the total organic acids, peak overlap is minimized, and substances in low concentrations can also be detected and identified. The qualitative patterns of the urinary organic acids in the fractions are constant and reproducible, and in many cases a reliable identification of organic acids is possible by gas chromatography alone, using methylene units and separation on OV-1701 capillary columns.

MeSH terms

  • Acids / analysis
  • Acids / urine*
  • Chromatography, Gas / methods
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Dicarboxylic Acids / analysis
  • Dicarboxylic Acids / urine
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods*
  • Humans


  • Acids
  • Dicarboxylic Acids