A scoping review was conducted to determine the current state of knowledge on child-in-care health records in academic literature. Eight studies describing five such health records were found. Different terms were found between countries. A key finding from the studies was that research needs to report on "what worked" to inform policy and practice for positive changes. Complete, accurate and consistent health records for child-in-care are needed that can support care and be aggregated to identify policy and practice gaps and interventions that were effective. Such health records enabled moving from reactive to proactive care for the child. Social work case data elements found in a child-in-care health record not included in a child personal health record include: court dates, dental, abuse, placement, and education. Including these data elements allows looking at the overall wellbeing and development of the child. With the exception of two, all studies reported positively on their implementation. Further, all studies advocated for continued development of a tailored child-in-care health record. The evidence points toward child-in-care health records as a tool toward achieving healthy outcomes and policy development.