Corneal confocal microscopy findings in sporadic cases of pre-descemet corneal dystrophy

Eye Contact Lens. 2014 Mar;40(2):e8-e12. doi: 10.1097/ICL.0b013e318273be9f.

Abstract

Purpose: To present corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) findings in a series of patients with pre-Descemet corneal dystrophy (PDCD).

Methods: A 28-year-old man, a 50-year-old man, a 30-year-old woman, and a 31-year-old man were clinically diagnosed with PDCD on slit lamp microscopic evaluation. All patients were evaluated by means of CCM. The parents of the patients were clinically evaluated. Two of the patients underwent photorefractive keratectomy.

Results: In all the patients, CCM revealed highly reflective stromal particles and pleomorphic structures that included particles in the deep stroma, immediately anterior to the Descemet membrane extending up to 60 μm from endothelium. No evidence of PDCD was observed clinically in the parents of the patients. Postoperative course of photorefractive keratectomy was uneventful for both of the patients.

Conclusions: With the use of CCM, a specific pattern of findings seemed to be related with PDCD in this series of sporadic cases.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary / diagnosis*
  • Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary / pathology
  • Descemet Membrane / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Middle Aged