Leigh syndrome is a mitochondrial disease with considerable clinical and genetic variation. We present a 16-year-old boy with Leigh-like syndrome and broad developmental retardation, parkinsonism and hypogonadism. Sequencing of the entire mitochondrial DNA from blood revealed the m.4296G>A mutation in the MT-TI gene. The mutation was heteroplasmic with a 95% proportion of the mutant genome, while the proportion was 58% in the blood of the patient's clinically healthy mother. Our results suggest that m.4296G>A is pathogenic in humans, and that the phenotype related to this change includes Leigh-like syndrome in adolescence with parkinsonism and hypogonadism, in addition to the previously reported early infantile Leigh syndrome.
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