Microsimulation of private health insurance and medicaid take-up following the U.S. Supreme court decision upholding the Affordable Care Act

Health Serv Res. 2013 Apr;48(2 Pt 2):826-49. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12036. Epub 2013 Feb 10.


Objective: To predict take-up of private health insurance and Medicaid following the U.S. Supreme Court decision upholding the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Data sources: Data came from three large employers and a sampling of premiums from ehealthinsurance.com. We supplemented the employer data with information on state Medicaid eligibility and costs from the Kaiser Family Foundation. National predictions were based on the MEPS Household Component.

Study design: We estimated a conditional logit model of health plan choice in the large group market. Using the coefficients from the choice model, we predicted take-up in the group and individual health insurance markets. Following ACA implementation, we added choices to the individual market corresponding to plans that will be available in state and federal exchanges. Depending on eligibility for premium subsidies, we reduced the out-of-pocket premiums for those choices. We simulated several possible patterns for states opting out of the Medicaid expansion, as allowed by the Supreme Court.

Principal findings: The ACA will increase coverage substantially in the private insurance market and Medicaid. HSAs will remain desirable in both the individual and employer markets.

Conclusions: If states opt out of the Medicaid expansion, this could increase the federal cost of health reform, while reducing the number of newly covered lives.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care / economics
  • Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Insurance, Health / economics
  • Medicaid / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Medicaid / organization & administration
  • Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act / organization & administration
  • Policy Making*
  • Private Sector / economics*
  • Private Sector / statistics & numerical data
  • Supreme Court Decisions*
  • United States