The detection of ground-glass opacities (GGOs) is an important issue in lung cancer screening with low-dose CT. The iterative reconstruction (IR) technique has the ability to improve the image quality relative to the filtered back projection (FBP) technique with low-dose CT. Our purpose was to investigate the ability to detect GGO in a chest phantom using a low-dose CT and hybrid IR, named iDose. Simulated GGOs in a chest phantom were scanned with 256-section CT at tube current second products of 20, 50, 100, and 200 mAs. Five radiologists visually assessed the detectability of GGOs in the phantom. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for GGOs was used as an estimate of image quality. Comparison of the detectability and CNR between standard images with 200 mAs-FBP and low-dose images with 20, 50, and 100-mAs FBP/iDose were performed by ANOVA with Dunnett's and Tukey's test. The detectability was significantly lower at 20-mAs FBP/iDose and 50-mAs FBP than that at 200-mAs FBP (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between 50-mAs iDose and 200-mAs FBP and between 100-mAs iDose/FBP and 200-mAs FBP. The CNR was significantly higher on iDose images than that on FBP images at each mAs value. The CNR at 200-mAs FBP was the same as that at 50-mAs iDose (CNR:1.8). The hybrid IR technique and low-dose CT imaging with 50 mAs enabled noise and to maintain the detectability for GGOs in a chest phantom that is equivalent to the reference acquisitions of 200 mAs with FBP.