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, 91 (5), 717-25

Alternations of Central Insulin-Like Growth factor-1 Sensitivity in APP/PS1 Transgenic Mice and Neuronal Models

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Alternations of Central Insulin-Like Growth factor-1 Sensitivity in APP/PS1 Transgenic Mice and Neuronal Models

Bing Zhang et al. J Neurosci Res.

Abstract

Although many post-mortem studies have found evidence of central insulin resistance in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, results on changes of central insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling in the pathological process of AD remain controversial. In the present study, we observed the activation states of IGF-1 downstream signaling in brain slices of transgenic mice carrying APPswe/PS1dE9 mutations (APP/PS1 mice) at both early and late stages (ex vivo) and further investigated the involvement of oligomeric β-amyloid (Aβ) and Aβ-enriched culture medium (CM) on IGF-1 sensitivity employing neuronal models (in vitro). In 6- and 18-month-old APP/PS1 mice, the phosphorylations of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and Akt in response to IGF-1 stimulation were significantly reduced in the hippocampal and cortical slices, whereas IGF-1R protein expression and mRNA levels of IGF-1 and IGF-1R in the hippocampal slices were significantly higher than that in wild-type mice. In agreement with these results, reduced IGF-1 sensitivity was verified in APP and PS1 double stably transfected CHO cells; moreover, IGF-1 stimulated phosphorylations of IGF-1R and Akt were also markedly weakened by oligomeric Aβ or Aβ-enriched CM posttreatment in CHO cells without APP/PS1-transfected (K1 cells) and primary hippocampal neurons. These observations indicate that the impaired central IGF-1 sensitivity at early and late stages of APP/PS1 transgenic mice might be attributable, at least partially, to the overproduced Aβ, especially the oligomeric Aβ. These findings may shed new light on the mechanisms underlying the defective IGF-1 signaling in AD pathogenesis and provide important clues for AD drug discovery.

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