Performance on five times sit-to-stand task as a predictor of subsequent falls and disability in older persons

J Aging Health. 2013 Apr;25(3):478-92. doi: 10.1177/0898264313475813. Epub 2013 Feb 13.


Objective: To investigate whether the performance on 5 times sit-to-stand test (5tSTS) can predict subsequent falls, fall-related fracture, and activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disability in older persons.

Methods: A total of 948 older adults (age ≥ 60) participated in this study. Ability and the time to finish 5tSTS were recorded at baseline. Number of falls, fall-related fractures, and the ability to complete ADL and IADL without assistance were recorded retrospectively at baseline and at the 3-year follow-up.

Results: Inability to complete 5tSTS was a marginal predictor of falls (OR = 4.22) and a significant predictor of ADL- (OR = 24.70) and IADL-related disability (OR = 17.10) at 3-year follow-up. The need of longer time to complete 5tSTS was predictive of developing IADL-related disability at 3-year follow-up (OR = 4.22 [> 16.6 s]; OR = 2.49 [13.7 - 16.6 s]).

Discussion: 5tSTS is an easily administered tool which can be used to predict subsequent ADL- and IADL-related disability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data*
  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Disabled Persons / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Forecasting
  • Fractures, Bone / etiology
  • Geriatric Assessment / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors