Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 46 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1), S12-21

Exercise and Physical Activity in Mental Disorders: Clinical and Experimental Evidence

Affiliations
Review

Exercise and Physical Activity in Mental Disorders: Clinical and Experimental Evidence

Elisabeth Zschucke et al. J Prev Med Public Health.

Abstract

Several epidemiological studies have shown that exercise (EX) and physical activity (PA) can prevent or delay the onset of different mental disorders, and have therapeutic benefits when used as sole or adjunct treatment in mental disorders. This review summarizes studies that used EX interventions in patients with anxiety, affective, eating, and substance use disorders, as well as schizophrenia and dementia/mild cognitive impairment. Despite several decades of clinical evidence with EX interventions, controlled studies are sparse in most disorder groups. Preliminary evidence suggests that PA/EX can induce improvements in physical, subjective and disorder-specific clinical outcomes. Potential mechanisms of action are discussed, as well as implications for psychiatric research and practice.

Keywords: Exercise; Mental disorders; Motor activity.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest with the material presented in this paper.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 33 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Wittchen HU, Jacobi F, Rehm J, Gustavsson A, Svensson M, Jönsson B, et al. The size and burden of mental disorders and other disorders of the brain in Europe 2010. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011;21(9):655–679. - PubMed
    1. Goodwin RD. Association between physical activity and mental disorders among adults in the United States. Prev Med. 2003;36(6):698–703. - PubMed
    1. Harvey SB, Hotopf M, Overland S, Mykletun A. Physical activity and common mental disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2010;197(5):357–364. - PubMed
    1. Ten Have M, de Graaf R, Monshouwer K. Physical exercise in adults and mental health status findings from the Netherlands mental health survey and incidence study (NEMESIS) J Psychosom Res. 2011;71(5):342–348. - PubMed
    1. Ströhle A, Höfler M, Pfister H, Müller AG, Hoyer J, Wittchen HU, et al. Physical activity and prevalence and incidence of mental disorders in adolescents and young adults. Psychol Med. 2007;37(11):1657–1666. - PubMed

Publication types

MeSH terms

Feedback