Why surface nanobubbles live for hours

Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Feb 1;110(5):054501. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.054501. Epub 2013 Jan 31.


We present a theoretical model for the experimentally found but counterintuitive exceptionally long lifetime of surface nanobubbles. We can explain why, under normal experimental conditions, surface nanobubbles are stable for many hours or even up to days rather than the expected microseconds. The limited gas diffusion through the water in the far field, the cooperative effect of nanobubble clusters, and the pinned contact line of the nanobubbles lead to the slow dissolution rate.