Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment treatment guidelines

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2013 Jan;88(1):11-35. doi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2011.10.013. Epub 2012 Sep 20.
[Article in English, Spanish]


This paper outlines general guidelines following the initial diagnosis of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. These include preoperative evaluation, treatment, possible intra- and post-operative complications, retinal re-detachment, and all therapeutic options available for each case. Treatment of the traumatic retinal detachment is also described, due to its importance and peculiarities. Treatment or prophylactic guidelines are suggested for the different types of retinal detachment described. These are based on both the experience of the ophthalmologists that have participated in preparing the guidelines, and also on evidence-based grading linked to bibliographical sources. However, these guidelines should not be interpreted as being mandatory. Given that there is a wide spectrum of options for treatment of retinal detachment, the surgeons' experience with one or other surgical technique will be of utmost importance in obtaining the best surgical result. As guidelines, they are intended as an additional aid to the surgeon during the decision-making process, with the expectation that the final choice will still be left to the surgeon's judgment and past experience.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Recurrence
  • Retinal Detachment / diagnosis
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology
  • Retinal Detachment / therapy*
  • Risk Factors