In continuation of our efforts toward identification and optimization of novel non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), we have employed a structure-based bioisosterism strategy, with which a new series of diarylpyridazine (DAPD) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus type 1) activity. Most of the title compounds displayed excellent anti-HIV-1 activity at submicromolar concentrations ranging from 34 nM to 5.08 μM. The most promising compound 8g inhibited HIV-1 IIIB in MT-4 cells at a low EC50 value (0.034 μM), which was lower than the reference drug nevirapine and delavirdine. The structure activity relationships (SARs) were discussed and rationalized by docking simulations.
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