Objective: To analyze in a multicenter study the potential benefit of a new prospective policy development to increase split-liver procedures for 2 adult recipients.
Background: Split-liver transplantation is an important means of overcoming organ shortages. Division of the donor liver for 1 adult and 1 pediatric recipient has reduced the mortality of children waiting for liver transplantation but the benefits or disadvantages to survival when the liver is divided for 2 adults (adult-to-adult split-liver transplant, AASLT) compared with recipients of a whole graft have not been fully investigated.
Methods: We developed a computerized algorithm in selected donors for 2 adult recipients and applied it prospectively over a 12-year period among 7 collaborative centers. Patient and graft outcomes of this cohort receiving AASLT either as full right grafts or full left grafts were analyzed and retrospectively compared with a matched cohort of adults who received a conventional whole-liver transplant (WLT). Univariate and multivariate analysis was done for selected clinical variables in the AASLT group to assess the impact on the patient outcome.
Results: Sixty-four patients who received the AASLT had a high postoperative complication rate (64.1% grade III and IV) and a lower 5-year survival rate than recipients of a WLT (63.3% and 83.1%)
Conclusions: AASLT should be considered a surgical option for selected smaller-sized adults only in experimental clinical studies in experienced centers.