Acute physiological changes in canine kidneys following exposure to extracorporeal shock waves

J Urol. 1990 Jun;143(6):1280-3. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)40255-2.

Abstract

Nine anesthetized dogs were studied for four to five hours after administration of extracorporeal shock waves to one kidney, the contralateral organ serving as control. Urinary excretion of electrolytes, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG) and kallikrein, clearances of creatinine, inulin and para-amino-hippuric acid (PAH), serum aldosterone level and plasma renin activity (PRA) were determined. On the exposed side there was a significant increase in urinary flow and urinary NAG excretion, and a significant fall in urinary osmolality. Effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) was reduced and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) unchanged, thus filtration fraction (FF) was increased. Extraction of PAH was significantly reduced compared with the control kidney. On the control side there was a significant increase in urinary flow and excretion of electrolytes, and a significant fall in urinary osmolality. GFR was increased and ERPF unchanged. FF therefore increased also on this side. The mean rise of PRA in the exposed kidney was higher than in the control kidney, the difference being not significant (p = 0.09). Our results may indicate a triggering of the renin-angiotensin system, and an effect on proximal tubular function following exposure of extracorporeal shock waves.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Kidney / physiology*
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Renal Circulation
  • Renin-Angiotensin System / physiology
  • Time Factors
  • Ultrasonics*
  • Urine
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance