The efficiency of membrane transport of vitamin B6 coupled to poly(ester amine) gene transporter and transfection in cancer cells

Biomaterials. 2013 May;34(14):3716-28. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.01.098. Epub 2013 Feb 18.


Vitamin B6 (VB6) plays an essential role as a coenzyme in various cellular metabolic functions, including DNA biosynthesis for cellular growth and proliferation. VB6 is taken up by cells through facilitated diffusion via VB6 transporting membrane carrier (VTC). In this study, we demonstrated that the VB6-coupled poly(ester amine) (VBPEA) gene transporter utilizes this uptake mechanism, leading to enhanced vector transport inside the rapidly proliferating cancer cells with relatively high affinity. Physicochemical characterization, cell viability assays, and transfection studies showed VBPEA to meet the standards of a good transfection agent. Competitive inhibition of VBPEA uptake by its structural analog 4'-deoxypyridoxine hydrochloride revealed the involvement of VB6 specific transporting membrane carrier in VBPEA internalization in tumor cells. VBPEA elicit higher transfection levels in lung cancer cells than in normal lung cells, indicating that cancer cells which have a high demand for VB6, have a higher affinity for VB6-coupled vector. VB6 coupling to the gene transporter is important to enforce a high level of VTC-mediated endocytosis compared to VB6 alone. This system illustrated how understanding of the VB6 membrane transporter specificity allowed for the design of a VB6-coupled gene transporter with accelerated transfection activity in cancer cells owing to an advanced mode of internalization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Polyamines / chemistry*
  • Polyesters / chemistry*
  • Transfection / methods*
  • Vitamin B 6 / chemistry*


  • Polyamines
  • Polyesters
  • poly(caprolactone-block-ethyleneimine)
  • Vitamin B 6