Influence on longevity of blueberry, cinnamon, green and black tea, pomegranate, sesame, curcumin, morin, pycnogenol, quercetin, and taxifolin fed iso-calorically to long-lived, F1 hybrid mice

Rejuvenation Res. 2013 Apr;16(2):143-51. doi: 10.1089/rej.2012.1386.


Phytonutrients reportedly extend the life span of Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila, and mice. We tested extracts of blueberry, pomegranate, green and black tea, cinnamon, sesame, and French maritime pine bark (Pycnogenol and taxifolin), as well as curcumin, morin, and quercetin for their effects on the life span of mice. While many of these phytonutrients reportedly extend the life span of model organisms, we found no significant effect on the life span of male F1 hybrid mice, even though the dosages used reportedly produce defined therapeutic end points in mice. The compounds were fed beginning at 12 months of age. The control and treatment groups were iso-caloric with respect to one another. A 40% calorically restricted and other groups not reported here did experience life span extension. Body weights were un-changed relative to controls for all but two supplemented groups, indicating most supplements did not change energy absorption or utilization. Tea extracts with morin decreased weight, whereas quercetin, taxifolin, and Pycnogenol together increased weight. These changes may be due to altered locomotion or fatty acid biosynthesis. Published reports of murine life span extension using curcumin or tea components may have resulted from induced caloric restriction. Together, our results do not support the idea that isolated phytonutrient anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatories are potential longevity therapeutics, even though consumption of whole fruits and vegetables is associated with enhanced health span and life span.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blueberry Plants / chemistry*
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Cinnamomum zeylanicum / chemistry*
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Curcumin / pharmacology
  • Feeding Behavior / drug effects
  • Female
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Flavonols / pharmacology*
  • Hybridization, Genetic / drug effects
  • Longevity / drug effects
  • Longevity / physiology*
  • Lythraceae / chemistry*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Plant Extracts
  • Quercetin / analogs & derivatives
  • Quercetin / pharmacology
  • Sesamum / chemistry*
  • Tea / chemistry*


  • Flavonoids
  • Flavonols
  • Plant Extracts
  • Tea
  • pycnogenols
  • morin
  • Quercetin
  • taxifolin
  • Curcumin