Orphan papers and ghostwriting: the case against the ICMJE criterion of authorship

Account Res. 2013;20(2):59-71. doi: 10.1080/08989621.2013.767115.


Although popular, I argue that the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) account of authorship is flawed. It inadvertently allows for practices that it was designed to prevent. In addition, it creates a new category of authorless papers--orphan papers. The original World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) criterion is preferable.

MeSH terms

  • Authorship / standards*
  • Biomedical Research / ethics*
  • Editorial Policies*
  • Internationality
  • Periodicals as Topic*