Do patients have a voice? The social stratification of health center governing boards

Health Expect. 2015 Jun;18(3):430-7. doi: 10.1111/hex.12059. Epub 2013 Feb 25.


Context: To ensure community responsiveness, federally qualified health centres (FQHCs) in the United States are required to be governed by a patient majority. However, to the extent that these patient trustees resemble the typical low-income patients served by FQHCs, status generalization theory suggests that they will be passed over for leadership positions within the board in favour of more prestigious individuals.

Methods: Using 4 years of data on health centre governing boards obtained from the Health Resources and Services Administration via a Freedom of Information Act Request, the likelihood of holding executive committee office is modelled as a function of trustee characteristics using Chamberlain's conditional logistic regressions.

Results: The results indicate that representative patient trustees are significantly less likely than other trustees to hold a position on the executive committee or serve as board chair.

Conclusions: Given the power of the board leadership to set the agenda, the reduced likelihood of representative patient trustees serving in leadership positions may ultimately limit the representative voice given to patients, making FQHCs potentially less responsive to their communities. These findings also have important implications for other settings where engaging and empowering patients is sought.

Keywords: FQHC; federally qualified health centres; patient governance; representation; social stratification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Governing Board / organization & administration*
  • Governing Board / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Patient Participation* / methods
  • Patient Participation* / statistics & numerical data
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Trustees / organization & administration
  • Trustees / statistics & numerical data
  • United States