Visceral influences on brain and behavior

Neuron. 2013 Feb 20;77(4):624-38. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2013.02.008.


Mental processes and their neural substrates are intimately linked to the homeostatic control of internal bodily state. There are a set of distinct interoceptive pathways that directly and indirectly influence brain functions. The anatomical organization of these pathways and the psychological/behavioral expressions of their influence appear along discrete, evolutionarily conserved dimensions that are tractable to a mechanistic understanding. Here, we review the role of these pathways as sources of biases to perception, cognition, emotion, and behavior and arguably the dynamic basis to the concept of self.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Behavior / physiology*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Emotions / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Mental Processes / physiology*
  • Nervous System Physiological Phenomena
  • Neural Pathways / physiology*