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. 2013 Oct;110(7):1233-42.
doi: 10.1017/S0007114513000391. Epub 2013 Feb 26.

Human Milk Oligosaccharides Inhibit Rotavirus Infectivity in Vitro and in Acutely Infected Piglets

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Human Milk Oligosaccharides Inhibit Rotavirus Infectivity in Vitro and in Acutely Infected Piglets

Shelly N Hester et al. Br J Nutr. .

Abstract

Human milk (HM) is rich in oligosaccharides (HMO) that exert prebiotic and anti-infective activities. HM feeding reduces the incidence of rotavirus (RV) infection in infants. Herein, the anti-RV activity of oligosaccharides was tested in an established in vitro system for assessing cellular binding and viral infectivity/replication, and also tested in a newly developed, acute RV infection, in situ piglet model. For the in vitro work, crude HMO isolated from pooled HM, neutral HMO (lacto-N-neotetraose, LNnT; 2'-fucosyllactose) and acidic HMO (aHMO, '-sialyllactose, 3'-SL; -sialyllactose, -SL) were tested against the porcine OSU strain and human RV Wa strain. The RV Wa strain was not inhibited by any oligosaccharides. However, the RV OSU strain infectivity was dose-dependently inhibited by sialic acid (SA)-containing HMO. 3'-SL and 6'-SL concordantly inhibited (125)I-radiolabelled RV cellular binding and infectivity/replication. For the in situ study, a midline laparotomy was performed on 21-d-old formula-fed piglets and six 10 cm loops of ileum were isolated in situ. Briefly, 2 mg/ml of LNnT, aHMO mixture (40% 6'-SL/10 % 3'-SL/50 % SA) or media with or without the RV OSU strain (1 x 10(7) focus-forming units)were injected into the loops and maintained for 6 h. The loops treated with HMO treatments þ RV had lower RV replication, as assessed by non-structural protein-4 (NSP4) mRNA expression, than RV-treated loops alone. In conclusion, SA-containing HMO inhibited RV infectivity in vitro; however, both neutral HMO and SA with aHMO decreased NSP4 replication during acute RV infection in situ.

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