Background: Teachers' belief in their ability to teach influences how much of the new knowledge and skills gained during faculty development (FD) programs are actually implemented at the workplace.
Aim: To study the effect of a longitudinal FD program on the self-efficacy beliefs (SEB) of teachers of health professions using quasi-experimental methodology.
Methods: The SEB of 70 teachers of health professions enrolling for a longitudinal FD program at three sites in India and one site in South Africa and an equal number of comparable controls were measured using the "teacher efficacy belief systems-self" (TEBS-self) scale. The scale was re-administered at 6 and 12 months to both the groups.
Results: Teachers enrolled in the program had lower scores than controls at the beginning of the program but demonstrated a significant increase at 6 months with an effect size of 0.56. The 12-month scores demonstrated a further rise in the participating teachers. The control group maintained the scores but did not show any significant change either at 6 or at 12 months.
Conclusion: Longitudinal FD program has positive effect on SEB of teachers.