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. 2013 Feb;41(1):30-4.
doi: 10.3810/psm.2013.02.1996.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Patients Aged > 40 Years: A Case-Control Study

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Patients Aged > 40 Years: A Case-Control Study

Albert O Gee et al. Phys Sportsmed. .

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the outcomes of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in physically active patients aged > 40 years, and to compare these results with those of a younger patient cohort who underwent the same procedure.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed on all patients aged > 40 years who underwent ACL reconstruction between 2000 and 2008. A consecutive series of patients aged ≤ 25 years who underwent the same procedure during this same time period were selected as a control group. Age, sex, graft type, concomitant injuries, complications, and a validated outcome measure (Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale) were assessed at final follow-up.

Results: Forty-six patients (average age, 44.9 years; 28 men, 18 women) in the older group were identified and compared with 48 patients (average age, 21 years; 23 men, 25 women) in the younger group, with an average follow-up period of 5.4 and 5.1 years, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of associated injuries. The older group had a higher degree of cartilage degeneration (P = 0.0001). Lysholm scores averaged 90.3 in the older cohort compared with 88.7 in the younger cohort, with no statistical difference between groups.

Conclusion: The older patients had outcomes comparable with the younger patients. Age alone should not exclude ACL-deficient patients from undergoing reconstructive surgery.

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