Purpose: To assess the variation in diagnostic performance among radiologists at screening computed tomographic (CT) colonography.
Materials and methods: In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved study, 6866 asymptomatic adults underwent first-time CT colonographic screening at a single center between January 2005 and November 2011. Results of examinations were interpreted by one of eight board-certified abdominal radiologists (mean number of CT colonographic studies per reader, 858; range, 131-2202). Findings at CT colonography and subsequent colonoscopy were recorded, and key measures of diagnostic performance, including adenoma and advanced neoplasia detection rate, were compared among the radiologists.
Results: The overall prevalence of histopathologically confirmed advanced neoplasia was 3.6% and did not differ significantly among radiologists (range, 2.4%-4.4%; P = .067; P = .395 when one outlier was excluded). Overall, 19.5% of polyps detected at CT colonography proved to be advanced neoplasia and did not differ significantly among radiologists (range, 14.4%-23.2%; P = .223). The overall per-polyp endoscopic confirmation rate was 93.5%, ranging from 80.0% to 97.6% among radiologists (P = .585). The overall percentage of nondiagnostic CT colonographic examinations was 0.7% and was consistent among radiologists (range, 0.3%-1.1%; P = .509).
Conclusion: Consistent performance for adenoma and advanced neoplasia detection, as well as other clinically relevant end points, were observed among radiologists at CT colonographic screening.