The three-dimensional relationship between acetabular rim morphology and the severity of femoral cam lesions

Bone Joint J. 2013 Mar;95-B(3):314-9. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.95B3.30901.


We examined the relationship between the size of the femoral cam in femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and acetabular pathomorphology to establish if pincer impingement exists in patients with a femoral cam. CT scans of 37 symptomatic impinging hips with a femoral cam were analysed in a three-dimensional study and were compared with 34 normal hips. The inclination and version of the acetabulum as well as the acetabular rim angle and the bony acetabular coverage were calculated. These measurements were correlated with the size and shape of the femoral cams. While the size of the femoral cam varied characteristically, the acetabular morphology of the two groups was similar in terms of version (normal mean 23° (sd 7°); cam mean 22° (sd 9°)), inclination (normal mean 57° (sd 5°); cam mean 56° (sd 5°)), acetabular coverage (normal mean 41% (sd 5%); cam mean 42% (sd 4%)) and the mean acetabular rim angle (normal mean 82° (sd 5°); cam mean 83° (sd 4°)). We found no correlation between acetabular morphology and the severity of cam lesion and no evidence of either global or focal over-coverage to support the diagnosis of 'mixed' FAI. The femoral cam may provoke edge loading but removal of any acetabular bearing surface when treating cam FAI might induce accelerated wear.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / diagnostic imaging
  • Acetabulum / pathology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / diagnostic imaging
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / pathology*
  • Femur Head / diagnostic imaging
  • Femur Head / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed