The burden of cancer in children in low and middle income countries (LMICs) is substantial, comprising at least 80% of incident cases globally, and an even higher proportion of cancer-related deaths. With survival rates exceeding 80% in high income countries, it is imperative to transfer these successes to LMICs. A major challenge is the poor availability of safe, cost-effective chemotherapy. A list of 51 drugs-chemotherapeutics, infectious disease agents, and supportive care medications-is proposed as essential to improving the survival of children with cancer in LMICs with an additional 13 drugs identified as being of further value.
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