Renal involvement in patients infected with HIV: experience at San Francisco General Hospital

Kidney Int. 1990 May;37(5):1325-32. doi: 10.1038/ki.1990.118.

Abstract

A spectrum of renal abnormalities has been described in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with or without signs of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In particular, attention has been focused on a nephropathy characterized clinically by nephrotic proteinuria and rapidly advancing renal insufficiency, and histologically by focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). To evaluate the relationship between HIV infection and structural renal disease, we reviewed all consultations between January 1982 and March 1988 to the Division of Nephrology at San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH), a municipal hospital treating approximately one-third of AIDS cases in San Francisco. Seventy-three consultation requests were received during this period regarding patients with AIDS (48), AIDS-Related Complex (23), or asymptomatic HIV infection (2). Of these, 27 gave evidence of structural renal disease (Group I): 14 had chronic renal insufficiency, in 10 of whom nephrotic proteinuria was also present. However, progression of renal insufficiency to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in this group did not follow the rapid course described for HIV-associated nephropathy. Renal tissue was examined in 11 Group I patients and showed FSGS in four and a variety of acute and chronic glomerular and tubulointerstitial changes in the others. In 46 Group II patients, consultation was requested for acute renal failure or fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base disturbances. We also reviewed 91 consecutive autopsies performed in patients dying with AIDS at SFGH between 1981 and 1986.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Complex / complications
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Glomerulonephritis / etiology
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / etiology
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / etiology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proteinuria / etiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / complications
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications