Thromboxane biosynthesis and platelet function in type II diabetes mellitus

N Engl J Med. 1990 Jun 21;322(25):1769-74. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199006213222503.


It has been suggested that platelet hyperreactivity in patients with diabetes mellitus is associated with increased platelet production of thromboxane. We therefore compared the excretion of a thromboxane metabolite and platelet function in 50 patients with Type II diabetes mellitus who had normal renal function and clinical evidence of macrovascular disease and in 32 healthy controls. The mean (+/- SD) excretion rate of urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 was significantly higher in the patients than in the controls (5.94 +/- 3.68 vs. 1.50 +/- 0.79 nmol per day; P less than 0.001), irrespective of the type of macrovascular complication. Tight metabolic control achieved with insulin therapy reduced the levels of 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 by approximately 50 percent. The fractional conversion of exogenous thromboxane B2 (infused at a rate of 4.5, 45.3, or 226.4 fmol per kilogram of body weight per second) to urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 was assessed in four patients, in whom it averaged 5.4 +/- 0.1 percent; this value did not differ from that measured in healthy subjects. Aspirin in low doses (50 mg per day for seven days) reduced urinary excretion of the metabolite by approximately 80 percent in four patients. The fact that thromboxane biosynthesis recovered over the following 10 days was consistent with a platelet origin of the urinary metabolite.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aspirin / pharmacology
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Blood Platelets / physiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Aggregation
  • Thromboxane A2 / biosynthesis
  • Thromboxane B2 / analogs & derivatives
  • Thromboxane B2 / metabolism
  • Thromboxane B2 / urine
  • Thromboxanes / biosynthesis*


  • Thromboxanes
  • Thromboxane B2
  • Thromboxane A2
  • 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2
  • Aspirin