Reconsidering the role of temporal order in spoken word recognition

Psychon Bull Rev. 2013 Oct;20(5):981-7. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0417-0.


Models of spoken word recognition assume that words are represented as sequences of phonemes. We evaluated this assumption by examining phonemic anadromes, words that share the same phonemes but differ in their order (e.g., sub and bus). Using the visual-world paradigm, we found that listeners show more fixations to anadromes (e.g., sub when bus is the target) than to unrelated words (well) and to words that share the same vowel but not the same set of phonemes (sun). This contrasts with the predictions of existing models and suggests that words are not defined as strict sequences of phonemes.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Eye Movement Measurements / instrumentation
  • Eye Movements / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Psycholinguistics / instrumentation
  • Psycholinguistics / methods
  • Recognition, Psychology / physiology*
  • Speech Perception / physiology*
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult