Tailor-made highly luminescent and ambipolar transporting organic mixed stacked charge-transfer crystals: an isometric donor-acceptor approach

J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Mar 27;135(12):4757-64. doi: 10.1021/ja312197b. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Abstract

We have rationally designed a densely packed 1:1 donor-acceptor (D-A) cocrystal system comprising two isometric distyrylbenzene- and dicyanodistyrylbenzene-based molecules, forming regular one-dimensional mixed stacks. The crystal exhibits strongly red-shifted, bright photoluminescence originating from an intermolecular charge-transfer state. The peculiar electronic situation gives rise to high and ambipolar p-/n-type field-effect mobility up to 6.7 × 10(-3) and 6.7 × 10(-2) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), respectively, as observed in single-crystalline OFETs prepared via solvent vapor annealing process. The unique combination of favorable electric and optical properties arising from an appropriate design concept of isometric D-A cocrystal has been demonstrated as a promising candidate for next generation (opto-)electronic materials.