Bevacizumab treatment of symptomatic pseudoprogression after boron neutron capture therapy for recurrent malignant gliomas. Report of 2 cases

Neuro Oncol. 2013 Jun;15(6):650-5. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/not020. Epub 2013 Mar 3.


Background: Bevacizumab, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody, has been used for the treatment of radiation necrosis. Thus far, however, there has been no definitive report on its use for the treatment of symptomatic pseudoprogression. Here we report 2 cases of successful treatment with bevacizumab for symptomatic pseudoprogression after boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) was applied for recurrent malignant gliomas.

Methods: Two recurrent malignant gliomas received BNCT. Both cases were treated with intravenous administration of bevacizumab at the deterioration that seemed to be symptomatic pseudoprogression.

Results: The first case was recurrent glioblastoma multiforme and the second was recurrent anaplastic oligoastrocytoma. Both cases recurred after standard chemoradiotherapy and were referred to our institute for BNCT, which is tumor-selective particle radiation. Just prior to neutron irradiation, PET with an amino acid tracer was applied in each case to confirm tumor recurrence. Both cases showed deterioration in symptoms, as well as on MRI, at intervals of 4 months and 2 months, respectively, after BNCT. For the first case, a second PET was applied in order to confirm no increase in tracer uptake. We diagnosed both cases as symptomatic pseudoprogression and started the intravenous administration of 5 mg/kg bevacizumab biweekly with 6 cycles. Both cases responded well to this, showing rapid and dramatic improvement in neuroimaging and clinical symptoms. No tumor progression was observed 8 months after BNCT.

Conclusions: Bevacizumab showed marked effects on symptomatic pseudoprogression after BNCT. BNCT combined with bevacizumab may prolong the survival of patients with recurrent malignant gliomas.

Keywords: bevacizumab; boron neutron capture therapy; malignant gliomas; pseudoprogression.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / therapeutic use*
  • Bevacizumab
  • Boron Neutron Capture Therapy / adverse effects*
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Disease Progression
  • Glioma / drug therapy*
  • Glioma / pathology
  • Glioma / radiotherapy
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy
  • Prognosis
  • Radiation Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Radiation Injuries / etiology


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Bevacizumab