Factors affecting successful isolation of human corneal endothelial cells for clinical use

Cell Transplant. 2014;23(7):845-54. doi: 10.3727/096368913X664559. Epub 2013 Feb 26.

Abstract

Corneal transplantation is a common transplant procedure used to improve visual acuity by replacing the opaque or distorted host tissue with clear healthy donor tissue. However, its clinical utility is limited due to a lack of donor supply of high-quality corneas. Bioengineered neocorneas, created using an expandable population of human donor-derived corneal endothelial cells (HCECs), could address this shortage. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate HCEC sourcing with various isolation methods, including enzymatic digestion, culture medium components, and adhesive proteins. HCECs were obtained from corneas obtained from various aged donors after endothelial keratoplasty. Under a dissection microscope, the Descemet's membrane, including the attached corneal endothelium, was stripped from the stroma, and the cells were isolated and expanded by explant culture or by enzymatic digestion with enzymes such as collagenase II, dispase, or trypsin. In order to improve the initial cell attachment, tissue culture plates were coated with collagen IV, fibronectin, or fibronectin-collagen combination coating mix (FNC) before cell plating. We were able to successfully obtain HCECs from 32% (86/269) of donor corneas. Donor age and isolation method influenced the characteristics of the resulting in vitro HCEC culture. Under all conditions tested, FNC-coated plates showed higher quality cultures than the other coatings tested. These results suggest that donor age and HCEC isolation methodology are the two factors that most directly affect the quality of the resulting HCEC culture in vitro. These factors should guide the methodological development for the clinical expansion of HCECs for the generation of bioengineered neocorneas.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Collagen Type IV / chemistry
  • Collagen Type IV / pharmacology
  • Collagenases / metabolism
  • Culture Media / pharmacology
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology*
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Endothelium, Corneal / cytology*
  • Female
  • Fibronectins / chemistry
  • Fibronectins / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Sex Factors

Substances

  • Collagen Type IV
  • Culture Media
  • Fibronectins
  • Collagenases