Purpose: To assess the ability of corneal power measurements by a rotating Scheimpflug camera to measure the refractive change induced by myopic excimer laser surgery.
Setting: G.B. Bietti Foundation-IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Design: Evaluation of diagnostic test.
Methods: The following corneal power measurements by the Pentacam Scheimpflug camera were analyzed: average keratometry (K), true net power (calculated by Gaussian optics formula), and total corneal refractive power (TCRP) at 2.0 mm, 3.0 mm, and 4.0 mm, calculated by ray tracing on a ring and as the average of the zone inside the ring. The difference between the preoperative and postoperative values was compared with the subjective surgically induced refractive change (SIRC) and with the difference between the preoperative and the postoperative anterior corneal power measured by Placido corneal topography (Keratron).
Results: In 36 consecutive eyes, the average K significantly underestimated the SIRC as determined by subjective refraction (-4.47 diopters [D] ± 1.81 [SD]) and corneal topography (-4.38 ± 1.81 D). The 3.0 mm and 4.0 mm ring total corneal refractive power significantly overestimated the SIRC. The remaining values did not show statistically significant differences with respect to the SIRC. The 3.0 mm zone TCRP and the 2.0 mm ring TCRP provided the lowest median difference compared with the SIRC (-0.07 D and -0.17 D, respectively) and the closest agreement.
Conclusions: The corneal power values provided by the Scheimpflug camera accurately reflected the SIRC after myopic excimer laser surgery. The best options seem to be the 3.0 mm zone TCRP and the 2.0 mm ring TCRP.
Copyright © 2013 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.