[Plasma level studies in volunteers after intramuscular injection of various doses of etofenamate in an oily solution]

Arzneimittelforschung. 1990 Mar;40(3):305-11.
[Article in German]


Plasma level Studies on Volunteers after Intramuscular Application of Different Doses of Etofenamate in Oily Solution. After i.m. injections of etofenamate (active substance of Rheumon i.m.) in oily solution to 12 volunteers, courses of plasma levels of etofenamate, flufenamic acid and fenamate (sum of etofenamate and flufenamic acid) were measured by HPTLC. Maximum levels of etofenamate, flufenamic acid and fenamate, as well as areas under the plasma level time curve (AUC) after 250, 500 and 1000 mg etofenamate respectively are proportional to dose. Maxima of fenamate plasma levels are reached after 6.3, 6.2 and 5.4 h respectively, half maximal levels are present already after 2 h. The mean residence time is 21.8, 18.8 and 15.7 h. These values obtained from different doses are not statistically different from each other. Pharmacokinetics are therefore linear and dose independent. The courses of fenamate levels can be described by a two compartment model. The elimination half lives after 250, 500 and 1000 mg are 2.1, 2.3 and 1.9 h, the invasion half-lives (dominant half-life) 8.8, 7.8 and 6.8 h. Terminal half-lives are 50.3, 63.7 and 35.4 h. Since plasma levels have decreased to 2% of the maximum level after one terminal half-life, they have no practical importance for the duration of activity or for accumulation. No sex related differences are found for dose dependent and independent parameters. From the data it can be derived that after i.m. injection of etofenamate in oily solution a prolongation of the dominant half-life occurs by a factor of 4-5 (as compared to oral data) which is caused by prolonged liberation from the oily depot. This long lasting liberation of etofenamate leads to a prolonged residence time after a fast increase, at the same time avoiding unnecessary high peak levels. Therefore it is guaranteed that even after i.m. administration of 1000 mg etofenamate in oily solution plasma levels of fenamate do not exceed those after 300 mg given orally. According to pharmacokinetic data a fast onset of action, good tolerability and a therapeutic action over a period of 24 h can be expected.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacokinetics*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Flufenamic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Flufenamic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Flufenamic Acid / pharmacokinetics
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Oils
  • Pharmaceutical Vehicles
  • ortho-Aminobenzoates / pharmacokinetics


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Oils
  • Pharmaceutical Vehicles
  • ortho-Aminobenzoates
  • Flufenamic Acid
  • fenamic acid
  • etofenamate