Local exposure of brain central areas to a pulsed ELF magnetic field for a purposeful change in EEG

Clin EEG Neurosci. 2013 Jan;44(1):44-52. doi: 10.1177/1550059412460164.


This study examines the simultaneous exposure of 2 brain areas in the location of central electrodes (C3 and C4) to a weak and pulsed extremely low-frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF) on the electroencephalogram (EEG). The intent is to change the EEG for a therapeutic application, such as neurofeedback, by inducing the "resonance effect." A total of 10 healthy women received 9 minutes of ELF-MF (intensity 200 μT) and sham in a counterbalanced design. ELF-MF exposure frequencies were 10, 14, and 18 Hz. The paired t test revealed that local pulsed ELF-MF significantly decreases beta (15-25 Hz), sensorimotor rhythm (13-15 Hz), and theta (4-8 Hz) powers at a frequency of 10 Hz in C3 and C4 regions (12.0%-26.6%) after exposure, in comparison with that achieved during the exposure (P < .05). Variations during the exposure were transient and different from those after. The resonance effect was observed nowhere around the regions. The study suggests that this technique may be applied in the treatment of anxiety; however, further investigation is needed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain / radiation effects
  • Brain Mapping
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Field Therapy / methods*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Reference Values
  • Young Adult