Psychological and cognitive effects of an exercise program for community-residing older adults

Gerontologist. 1990 Apr;30(2):184-8. doi: 10.1093/geront/30.2.184.


This study examined the effects of a 12-week aerobic exercise program on psychological well-being and cognitive functioning in a group of ethnically diverse older adults living in an urban community. Forty-eight older men and women (mean age = 72 +/- 6) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: an aerobic exercise training group, a social activity control group, or a waiting list group. Results indicated little change in psychological well-being and provided limited support for the association of physiological improvement with enhanced mastery and cognitive functioning.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cognition
  • Community Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intelligence Tests
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Psychomotor Performance