Enhanced production of acarbose and concurrently reduced formation of impurity c by addition of validamine in fermentation of Actinoplanes utahensis ZJB-08196

Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:705418. doi: 10.1155/2013/705418. Epub 2013 Jan 22.


Commercial production of acarbose is exclusively via done microbial fermentation with strains from the genera of Actinoplanes. The addition of C7N-aminocyclitols for enhanced production of acarbose and concurrently reduced formation of impurity C by cultivation of A. utahensis ZJB-08196 in 500-mL shake flasks was investigated, and validamine was found to be the most effective strategy. Under the optimal conditions of validamine addition, acarbose titer was increased from 3560 ± 128 mg/L to 4950 ± 156 mg/L, and impurity C concentration was concurrently decreased from 289 ± 24 mg/L to 107 ± 29 mg/L in batch fermentation after 168 h of cultivation. A further fed-batch experiment coupled with the addition of validamine (20 mg/L) in the fermentation medium prior to inoculation was designed to enhance the production of acarbose. When twice feedings of a mixture of 6 g/L glucose, 14 g/L maltose, and 9 g/L soybean flour were performed at 72 h and 96 h, acarbose titer reached 6606 ± 103 mg/L and impurity C concentration was only 212 ± 12 mg/L at 168 h of cultivation. Acarbose titer and proportion of acarbose/impurity C increased by 85.6% and 152.9% when compared with control experiments. This work demonstrates for the first time that validamine addition is a simple and effective strategy for increasing acarbose production and reducing impurity C formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acarbose / metabolism*
  • Culture Media / chemistry
  • Culture Media / pharmacology*
  • Inositol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Inositol / pharmacology
  • Micromonosporaceae / growth & development*


  • Culture Media
  • validamine
  • Inositol
  • Acarbose